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Agoraphobia is the fear of being in a public place. Sufferers would perceive some to be dangerous or uncomfortable places, often due to potentially having a lot of wide open spaces, being crowded, or even being met. The term agoraphobia was coined by the German psychiatrist Carl Friedrich Otto Westphal, from Greek ἀγορά, meaning "Large public square/Marketplace" and -φοβία, -phobia, meaning "fear". Agoraphobia is two times more commonly suffered by women than by men.
If the sufferers travel to places, they may suffer panic attacks with accompanying symptoms — palpitations, rapid heartbeat, sweating, trembling, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, tightness in the throat, shortness of breath, fear of dying (thanatophobia), and losing control of emotions and/or behavior.
There are long-term biological causes and development of agoraphobia, including tranquilizers, sleeping pills, alcohol, and tobacco smoking.