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Wikipedia has more on Acrophobia
Acrophobia (from Greek ákron, "peak, summit, edge") is the fear of heights. Acrophobia affects 2-5% of the population, and it is twice as commonly affected by women and for those who are poor at maintaining balance. Sufferers would know being up high is dangerous, like getting injured or even dying from falling. Acrophobes would avoid being in high places, like in high floors of the building, on the mountain slope, while not climbing ladder. Acrophobia is most powerfully developed due to a traumatic experience with heights, like getting seriously hurt from falling off or even hearing on the news that someone died from falling.
If the sufferer is up high, s/he may yell or cry out loud while beginning to sweat, shake, experience rapid heartbeat, feeling paralyzed and terrified, and not thinking clearly. Acrophobia can be treated using a variety of methods, like cognitive-behavioral therapy. This kind of phobia is favorable enough that virtual reality can be used to face the thing that fear safely without facing the real danger, which help to alleviate the fear. Many different types of medications are used in the treatment of acrophobia as well, including traditional anti-anxiety drugs such as benzodiazepines, and newer options like antidepressants and beta-blockers.